|Titre :||The role of waterbirds in the dispersal of aquatic alien and invasive species (2016)|
|Auteurs :||Chevonne Reynolds, Auteur ; Nelson A. F. Miranda, Auteur ; Graeme S. Cumming, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article|
|Dans :||Diversity and Distributions (21(7) juillet 1, 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||744-754|
|Mots-clés :||Zone humide ; zone méditerranéenne ; Changement climatique|
|Mots-clés:||Aquatic invertebrates ; Spread ; aquatic plants ; biological invasions ; connectivity ; freshwater ecosystems ; long-distance dispersal ; mobile link ; waterfowl|
To review existing literature on the ability of waterbirds to spread aquatic alien and invasive species, and to assess the relevance of bird-mediated dispersal for the conservation of freshwater ecosystems.
A systematic review of the literature revealed that quantitative studies investigating dispersal of alien organisms by waterbirds are rare (n = 14). Most studies citing waterbird dispersal rely on anecdotes or inferences from morphological dispersal syndromes. However, evidence from each stage of dispersal (i.e. emigration, transport and immigration) shows that waterbirds can carry alien plants and invertebrates internally and externally; transport them between water bodies at a variety of spatial scales; and deposit viable propagules in sites suited to aquatic invasive species.
Our review suggests that waterbirds can and do act as important dispersal vectors for freshwater invasive species. Further experimental and field based research on the numbers and viability of moved alien propagules, and the roles of different species in the bird community, is needed. Furthermore, consideration of the spatially explicit manner in which birds move is imperative to understanding invasive spread. Populations of alien aquatic species in seemingly isolated wetlands can no longer be considered contained if they are able to be spread through waterbird-mediated dispersal, and containment measures must recognize such opportunities for further spread. Changing waterbird movement patterns, driven by climate and land use change, further add to the challenge of managing invasive species and offers an interesting opportunity for future research. The study of waterbird-mediated dispersal of aquatic alien invasive species provides insights not only into species invasions, but more generally into movement ecology, population ecology and biogeography.
|En ligne :||http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ddi.12334/abstract|