|Titre :||Impact of Human Activities on Fasciolosis Transmission (2018)|
|Auteurs :||Emeline Sabourin, Auteur ; Pilar Alda, Auteur ; Antonio Vázquez, Auteur ; Sylvie Hurtrez-Boussès, Auteur ; Marion Vittecoq, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article|
|Dans :||Trends in Parasitology (34(10) October 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||891-903|
|Mots-clés :||TdV ; Fasciola hepatica ; Elevage ; Transmission maladie ; Pathologie animale|
|Mots-clés:||man-made irrigation, pasture management, feeding habits, global changes, Fasciola spp., water-borne disease|
Fasciolosis is a neglected water- and food-borne disease. There are approximately 17 million human cases annually in the world. In some areas, these numbers may be underestimated.
This disease has an important worldwide distribution due to parasite proliferation in a wide range of freshwater snail species and domestic as well as wild mammals, including humans.
Fasciolosis is also considered to be a major veterinary problem because it is responsible for significant losses of productive capacity in livestock (meat and milk).
The (re)emergence of fasciolosis in certain countries can be explained by the recent evolution of human activities, such as the building of irrigation systems, livestock management, the use of unsafe water, and raw vegetable consumption.
Fasciolosis is a worldwide disease caused by the liver fluke Fasciola spp. This food- and water-borne disease is a major public health and veterinary issue. It is currently (re)emerging in several regions mainly due to the rapid evolution of human activities. This article reviews the current knowledge of the impact of irrigation-system management, livestock management, and human diet and hygiene habits on the emergence of fasciolosis. We also identify the gaps in this knowledge and the possible solutions for limiting these impacts. Integrated control seems to be the most effective solution for controlling fasciolosis, because it enables monitoring, prevention, and rapid action in case of the (re)emergence of the disease.
|En ligne :||https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1471492218301697|