|Titre :||Methane Emissions From the Salt Marshes of Doñana Wetlands: Spatio-Temporal Variability and Controlling Factors|
|Titre original:||Methane Emissions From the Salt Marshes of Doñana Wetlands|
|Auteurs :||I. Emma Huertas, Auteur ; Mercedes de la Paz, Auteur ; Fiz F. Perez, Auteur ; Gabriel Navarro, Auteur ; Susana Flecha, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article|
|Dans :||Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (7 February, 2019)|
Coastal wetlands are significant sources of methane in the atmosphere, but emissions in these ecosystems are still poorly quantified, as in situ data are limited. In this study, we present the first assessment of spatio-temporal changes in air-water CH4 fluxes in the salt marshes of the Doñana wetlands (SW Spain), one of the most emblematic protected areas in Europe, due to its high biotic diversity and unique importance for aquatic wildfowl. The marshes are flooded by estuarine waters from the adjacent Guadalquivir River by tidal intrusion, which influences aquatic CH4 dynamics by changing salinity and water chemistry which affects sedimentary methanogenesis. During sixteen samplings, conducted between March 2016 and March 2018, surface water CH4 concentrations were measured using static-head space equilibration gas chromatography in seven sites representing salt marshes located in the land strip close to the estuary. Because of meteorological conditions and tide variations, salinity markedly changed across the salt marshes, although sites located closer to the river mouth could be categorized as polyhaline marshes whereas upstream sites formed a group of mesohaline marshes. The CH4 saturation range was 252–36,735% (average 5,170%) and 374–620,007% (average 31,541%) in polyhaline and mesohaline marshes, respectively, suggesting the inhibitory effect of sulfate on methanogenesis, although a linear trend between dissolved CH4 concentration and salinity was not observed. In contrast, water temperature and chlorophyll a were significantly and positively correlated with methane, indicating sedimentary methanogenesis control by temperature, and organic matter availability boosted by primary productivity. This does not exclude the possibility that some CH4 might also come from estuarine inputs. Air-water CH4 fluxes ranged from 2.6 to 720 μmol m−2d−1 (average 104 μmol m−2 d−1) in the polyhaline marshes and from 5.6 to 12,715 μmol m−2d−1 (average 637 μmol m−2 d−1) in the mesohaline marshes, with higher emissions measured during the summer months in all sites. Even though the strongest environmental drivers of dissolved CH4 accumulation seemed to be temperature and productivity, the spatio-temporal patterns observed suggest that methane dynamics in the Doñana salt marshes are controlled by a mosaic of processes rather than by a single environmental force.
Keywords: Doñana, methane, saltmarshes, emissions, Guadalquivir estuary
|En ligne :||https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fevo.2019.00032/full|