|Titre :||Floodplains: a natural system to preserve and restore|
|Auteurs :||Trine Christiansen, Auteur ; Muhammet Azlak, Auteur ; Éva Kis, Auteur ; Lidija Globevnik, Auteur ; Luka Snoj, Auteur ; Mathias Scholtz, Auteur ; Christiane Schulz-Zunkel, Auteur ; Klaus Henle, Auteur ; Ursula Schmedtje, Auteur ; Eleftheria Kampa, Auteur ; Sebastian Birk, Auteur ; Jochem Kail, Auteur ; Kathrin Januschke, Auteur ; Jeanette Völker, Auteur ; Anne Lyche-Solheim, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||[S.l.] : European Environment Agency, mars 3, 2020|
|Mots-clés :||Europe ; cours d'eau ; bassin versant ; Gestion eau ; Politique publique ; Protection environnement ; Valeur écologique|
From the recent reporting of the second river basin management plans under the Water Framework Directive, it is clear that, across Europe, Member States are not achieving at least good ecological status for their water bodies. In particular, this is because pressures from hydromorphology and diffuse pollution affect one third of water bodies in Europe. On average, approximately 40 % of Europe's surface water bodies achieve good ecological status or potential. Similarly, an analysis of the conservation status of 37 floodplain habitats listed in the Habitats Directive shows that the vast majority have either inadequate or bad conservation status. Across Europe, only 17 % of floodplain habitats and species have good conservation status. These results are in line with global developments that show biodiversity decline that may eventually threaten human well-being.
Although difficult to quantify, there is a link between the overall state of natural floodplains and achieving the key objectives of European policies, in particular in the context of the Water Framework, Floods, Habitats and Birds Directives. Floodplain management or protection is encouraged but is only indirectly required under European environmental policies; however, floodplains that are maintained in their natural condition support the achievement of multiple European policy objectives, which are central, among others, to improving biodiversity and ecosystem services.
|En ligne :||https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/88a8f96a-6e47-11ea-b735-01aa75ed71a1|