|Titre :||The Conservation Status and Distribution of the Breeding Birds of Prey of North Africa|
|Auteurs :||J R Garrido, Auteur ; C Numa, Auteur ; V Barrios, Auteur ; A Qninba, Auteur ; A Riad, Auteur ; O Haitham, Auteur ; H B Hasnaoui, Auteur ; S Buirzayqah, Auteur ; A Onrubia, Auteur ; A Fellous-Djardini, Auteur ; M Saheb, Auteur ; K Rousselon, Auteur ; S I Cherkaoui, Auteur ; I Essetti, Auteur ; M Noaman, Auteur ; M Radi, Auteur ; F Cuzin, Auteur ; A Irizi, Auteur ; G Monchaux, Auteur ; N Hamdi, Auteur ; F Monti, Auteur ; P Bergier, Auteur ; R Ouni, Auteur ; K Etayeb, Auteur ; M A Chokri, Auteur ; H Azafzaf, Auteur ; P Gyenge, Auteur ; A Si Bachir, Auteur ; B Bakass, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Gland, Switzerland : IUCN, 2021|
|Mots-clés :||Algérie ; Libye ; Maroc ; Tunisie ; Egypte ; Oiseaux nicheurs ; Espèce menacée ; Accipiter gentilis ; Aegypius monachus ; Aquila adalberti ; Circaetus gallicus ; Circus aeruginosus ; Circus pygargus ; Falco concolor ; Falco eleonorae ; Gypaetus barbatus ; Gyps fulvus ; Milvus milvus ; Neophron percnopterus ; Pandion haliaetus ; Protection faune ; Distribution|
This report summarises the results of a review of the conservation status of the 36 species of birds of prey that are considered to breed in North Africa according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinction at the regional level to guide appropriate conservation actions for improving their status.
All birds of prey having current or historic breeding populations in North African countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt).
There are 46 species of birds of prey within the assessment region. Of these, 10 species were excluded from this study as their distribution in the region is marginal, wintering or passage. The conservation status of the remaining 36 species was assessed and analysed. There are no species endemic to North Africa, though there are two (5.5%) possibly near-endemic species (defined as having ≥70% of their global range in the region): the Pharaoh eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus and the sooty falcon Falco concolor. All species are typically from the Palearctic, but there are five breeding species (13.9%) with an Afrotropical origin, all of which very rare.
Overall, 12 of the 36 breeding raptors evaluated are threatened in North Africa. Four species are classified as Near Threatened (NT), three species are assessed as Regionally Extinct (dark chanting-goshawk Melierax metabates, cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus and Spanish imperial eagle Aquila adalberti) and 17 species as Least Concern. The current main threats to North African birds of prey are illegal killing, illegal trade, poisoning, and death because of human infrastructure such as power lines, which are reducing breeding populations. Another important threat is the use of pesticides and rodenticides in agriculture, which can have a negative impact on breeding success, reduce prey density and lead to secondary poisoning by consumption of contaminated corpses. In addition, loss of forest habitats, agroecosystems and wetlands due to the growth and spread of the human population is another major threat to raptors in the North African region, in one way or another potentially affecting most or possibly almost all of the species present there. There is a significant lack of information on distribution, population size and trends, as well as threats, with 42 % of species with unknown population trends. There is an urgent need for collaborative research and monitoring, especially on the size and distribution of breeding populations and the specific impact of threats on them.
This assessment can be considered a baseline for developing conservation actions and monitoring breeding and dispersing populations in order to understand their conservation status and to determine, protect and manage potential breeding sites and key dispersal areas.
|En ligne :||https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/RL-61-003-En.pdf|